Epidemiology and Cancer Control
The mission of investigators in the field of population sciences is to reduce the risk, incidence, and deaths from cancer as well as to enhance the quality of life of cancer survivors. Investigators conduct genetic, molecular carcinogenesis, epidemiology, behavioral, social, and surveillance cancer research. The program integrates investigators from numerous departments on four distinct NYU campuses: Sterling Forest, the NYU School of Medicine, the NYU College of Dentistry, and Washington Square.
At the NYU Cancer Institute, population science research is being conducted through the following programs:
Epidemiology is the study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why. It serves as the quantitative foundation for public health interventions and is a critical component of evidence-based medicine. NYUCI epidemiologists seek to gain a new understanding of the contributions of and interactions between genetic and environmental factors as they relate to the risk of cancer and other diseases.
Environmental and Molecular Carcinogenesis
The NYUCI's environmental and molecular carcinogenesis researchers seek to understand the environmental causes of cancer and other diseases and to use this information to improve prevention and early detection efforts.
Prevention and Outreach
Social and cultural barriers to effective cancer care lead to inequities in cancer outcomes. Determining effective intervention strategies to reduce these barriers is vital. The NYU Cancer Institute has created several research and clinical programs to evaluate and minimize disparities in cancer care.
For example, the Cancer Outreach, Outcomes, and Research for Equity (CORE) Center at the NYU Cancer Institute addresses disparities in cancer prevention, detection, treatment, and survivorship among immigrant and minority communities in the New York City area. The CORE Center partners with the community to design and implement inter-institutional cross-disciplinary research, education, information dissemination, and program and policy development.
Biostatistics forms an integral part of the accumulation and analysis of the statistical data gathered during population science investigations. Accurate and appropriate biostatistical analysis is critical for ensuring that associations gleaned from research are valid, since the results of this research can have important public health implications. Biostatisticians provide expertise in research study design and participate in the analysis, interpretation, and reporting of results for laboratory studies, clinical trials, and observational studies.